DUBAI, United Arab Emirates — New labor guidelines within the energy-rich nation of Qatar “successfully dismantles” the nation’s long-criticized “kafala” employment system, a U.N. labor physique mentioned Sunday.
The Worldwide Labor Group mentioned as of now, migrant staff can change jobs earlier than the tip of their contracts with out acquiring the permission of their present employers.
Qatar additionally has adopted a minimal month-to-month wage of 1,000 Qatari riyals ($275) for staff, which is able to take have an effect on some six months after the regulation is revealed within the nation’s official gazette, the ILO mentioned. The minimal wage rule requires employers to pay allowances for housing and meals as effectively if they do not present these for his or her staff.
Qatar, whose residents take pleasure in one of many world’s highest per-capita incomes as a consequence of its pure fuel reserves, partially ended the “kafala” system in 2018. That system ties staff to their employers, who had say over whether or not they may depart their jobs and even the nation.
Qatar is being reworked by a constructing growth fueled by its huge oil and pure fuel wealth. Like different energy-rich Gulf nations with comparatively small native populations, Qatar depends on effectively over 1,000,000 visitor staff, a lot of them drawn from South Asian nations together with India and Nepal. Rights activists lengthy have criticized the “kafala” system as permitting abuses of these overseas staff.
This comes as Qatar will host the 2022 FIFA World Cup within the Arabian Peninsula nation. Having the profitable bid for the soccer event introduced renewed consideration to laborers’ rights in Qatar.