A resistance temperature detector (RTD) is a sensor that measures changes in electrical resistance or conductance as a function of temperature. When used in conjunction with a temperature controller, RTDs allow accurate and precise temperature measurement and feedback, or compensation, to maintain the temperature within a carefully controlled range. Resistance of the RTD elements are found by measuring the current between two points on the sensor, and then calculating resistance from the known current values. As the temperature increases, the resistance of the sensor changes; it typically increases linearly with temperature, with a slow response time. As the temperature decreases, the resistance decreases. The rate of resistance change is dependent on the temperature and type of sensor. As the temperature decreases, the voltage drop across the sensor decreases and the temperature increases. The sensor reduces the current in an attempt to maintain the temperature.
What are the advantages of resistance temperature detectors?
- RTD sensors are best suited for large-scale operations because they are easy to use. They also demonstrate a high degree of accuracy and precision. In addition, they are ideal for applications where precise temperature control is essential, such as in food manufacturing or chemical reactions.
- High signal-to-noise output means that the data being transmitted through the RTD is more accurate since the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of the signal is higher than it would be if the RTD were transmitting a weak signal. This type of RTD is used in many applications, such as industrial instrumentation, scientific and medical instruments, robotics, modelling and simulation, and mass spectrometry.
- The temperature operating range of an RTD is much greater than a thermistor. A typical thermistor’s operating range is between -80°C and +300°C. While some RTDs can operate in a wider temperature range, the majority of them only go up to around 850°C. This makes it especially important for people who need to monitor temperatures in their immediate environment (such as food processing plants).
- One of the advantages of RTDs include interchangeability over a wide range. For example, you can use one model of RTD for measuring temperature at a constant flow rate. Then, you can easily change the flow rate of this model to measure temperature at different flow rates without having to recalibrate it.
- Standardisation means that different RTDs come with a defined set of specifications. They are therefore easy to compare and use. This can reduce the cost and complexity of testing, which is why it is popular in the manufacturing industry. Moreover, standardisation makes it easier to guarantee compliance to safety standards. Because it ensures that all RTDs are manufactured to the same specifications, they can be used as a benchmark for quality assurance. This can reduce the risk of faulty products reaching the market, which is good news for consumers.
- Another advantage of RTDs is that they are easy to calibrate. Because an RTD can quickly change resistance when exposed to temperature changes, it’s easy to monitor and make corrections in the process.
- Physical stability: An RTD will not be affected by the surrounding environment and is more resistant to shock and vibration.
- Chemical stability: Because of the physical stability, an RTD allows for a wider range of temperatures for accurate measurement.
What are the various types?
- Surface mount temperature sensor is a type of temperature sensor that is commonly used in industrial applications, including automation and building systems management. The advantage of using surface mount temperature sensors is that they are easy to install and have a long-life span because they are not exposed to heavy wear and tear. Surface mount RTD temperature sensors are typically made from a thin piece of stainless steel which is then stamped with a hole for mounting. In addition to mounting the sensor directly to the desired object, a temperature sensor probe can be attached to it for reading the temperature.
- High temperature RTD sensors are specialised temperature sensors that are designed to measure temperatures at high temperatures and extreme pressures. They have a wide range of applications, such as monitoring the temperature of liquid nitrogen, boiling water, or steam in industrial processes. They are also used to detect leaks from pressure vessels, as well as in fire detection, industrial safety, and space exploration. High temperature RTD sensors include thermocouples, pyrometers, and thermal imaging cameras.
How does it work?
The specific working principle is based on the flow of electricity being resisted by the element as it increases or decreases in temperature. The different types of RTDs respond to temperature differently and typically have different response times. Other factors that affect the response time are the type of metal being used and the accuracy of the chosen instrumentation.
If you want to buy a resistance temperature detector for your business, Tempsens is recommended. There are many reasons why buying from Tempsens is a good idea. First, their product quality is top-notch. Their technology is state-of-the-art, and they use only the highest quality materials when manufacturing their products. Second, Tempsens offers a wide variety of resistance temperature detector models to choose from. Third, all of their products come with a full warranty to protect you against any defects that may occur during normal use. And lastly, by buying from Tempsens, you can rest easy knowing that you’re getting a great deal compared to what other companies charge for their products.